CLOVIO, Giulio

(1498-1578)
Giulio Clovio, called by Giorgio Vasari* the "new and miniature Michelan­gelo," was the greatest manuscript illuminator of the sixteenth century in Italy. Born in Croatia, Clovio traveled to Italy at the age of eighteen to practice his art. He entered the artistic circle of the important Grimani family and trained under Giulio Romano.* Around 1523 he left Italy and worked for Louis II of Hungary, but after the Turkish invasion of 1526, he returned to Rome.
Following his experiences as a prisoner during the sack of Rome in 1527, Clovio took holy orders and joined a monastery in Mantua, but left following an injury in 1530. Cardinal Grimani helped the artist obtain that dispensation, and Clovio then spent several years with Grimani in Perugia and produced the Stuart de Rothesay Hours (British Museum), among other works. He came to the attention of Alessandro Farnese, the most important patron of the arts in mid-sixteenth-century Rome. For Farnese, Clovio produced his masterpiece, the Farnese Hours (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library), the fruit of twelve years' labor, and the Towneley Lectionary (New York Public Library), a missal for the Sistine Chapel. He traveled with the Farnese entourage and worked also for the Medici at Florence.
Clovio is remembered for his ability to translate the styles of Michelangelo,* Raphael,* and the Mannerists into miniature form. He was highly esteemed by his contemporaries and associated with Vasari, Michelangelo, Vittoria Colonna,* and El Greco,* who painted his portrait (Naples, Capodimonte). Some of Clovio's later drawings were engraved by Cornelius Cort.
Bibliography
C. Robertson, II Gran Cardinale: Alessandro Farnese, Patron ofthe Arts, 1992. W. Smith, ed., The Farnese Hours, facsimile ed., 1976.
John Marciari

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clovio, Giulio — ▪ Italian painter and priest born 1498, Grižane, Croatia, Hung. died January 1578, Rome, Papal States [Italy]  Italian miniature painter and priest.       Clovio is said to have studied at Rome under Giulio Romano and at Verona under Girolamo de… …   Universalium

  • Giulio Clovio — Juraj Julije Klović Portrait of Giorgio Giulio Clovio, pointing to his Farnese Hours, by El Greco. Born Grižane, Croatia Nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Giulio Clovio — zeigt auf das Farnese Stundenbuch, El Greco Clovio: Colonna Missa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Clovio — Clovio, Giulio, gen. Macedo, aus Kroatien, geb. 1498 in Grisone, Miniaturmaler. Anfangs zeichnete er mit der Feder kleine Medaillen u. Münzen, dann unterrichtete ihn Giulio Romano in der Farbentechnik. Als Miniaturmaler errang er bald einen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Clovĭo — Clovĭo, Giulio, zubenannt Macedo, Miniaturmaler, geb. 1498 zu Grizane in Kroatien, gest. 1578 in Rom, bildete sich 1516–19 in Italien in der Miniaturmalerei im Anschluß an Raffael und Michelangelo aus und wurde 1524 von König Ludwig II. von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Clovio — Clovĭo, Giulio, genannt Macedo, Miniaturmaler, geb. 1498 zu Grižane in Kroatien, Hofmaler in Ofen, seit 1526 in Rom, gest. das. 1578; Muttergottesbüchlein für Kardinal Farnese (Neapel), Illustrationen zu Dante etc …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Giulio Clovio — Giulio Clovio, en un retrato pintado por El Greco (Museo de Capodimonte de Nápoles). En las manos muestra el libro Las horas de los Farnesio que ilustró durante nueve años. Giulio Clovio (Grizane o Drivenik, República de Venecia, actual Croacia,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clovio — Clovio,   Giorgio Giulio, italienischer Miniaturmaler, * Grižane (Kroatien) 1498, ✝ Rom 3. oder 4. 1. 1578; kam 1516 nach Italien, bildete sich bei G. Romano als Miniaturmaler aus; war 1524 26 in Ungarn, später in Rom und Florenz tätig. Clovio… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Giulĭo Romāno — (spr. dschu ), eigentlich Giulio Pippi, ital. Maler und Architekt, geb. 1492 in Rom, gest. 1. Nov. 1546 in Mantua, war der hervorragendste von Raffaels Schülern, dem jedoch die Grazie und Keuschheit seines Lehrers fehlte. Er war derber angelegt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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